grain field


The Bioenergy Feedstock Library is a physical sample repository and database for physical, chemical and conversion performance characteristics of biomass feedstock. 

The library provides tools to store, record, track, retrieve, and analyze data to help researchers and industry overcome challenges posed by biomass variability.


Funding and Support

The Library is sponsored by the US Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO).  It is part of the Biomass Feedstock National User Facility located and operated at Idaho National Laboratory, and is maintained by a technical staff including a librarian.


Data collection is an ongoing effort with public and private collaborators.



Becoming a User

To store data in the library or access existing data for research, register for a user ID on the Login page by clicking the "register" tab. People who require access to a specific project or who have special requests may fill out the comments section of the registration form or contact



The library contains:

  • Sample data for more than 50,000 biomass samples
  • Bioenergy characterization data for more than 7,500 samples
  • More than 35,000 physical biomass samples

Samples and data represent 90 different crop types, 38 states and well over 100 government, industry and academic institutions. Physical samples come from projects funded by the Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office and other contributors.


 Library capabilities include:  

Bioenergy Research Management provides outside researchers with tools to securely manage their own biomass samples from anywhere.

  • Barcode sample management/data­base management interfaces allow researchers to upload, store, edit and track biomass samples, analytical data and sample results.
  • Security controls can limit dissemination of raw data sets, but allow external visitors snapshots of important biomass characteristics.

Parent-Child Tracking
maintains the relation­ship of feedstock characteristics from single-source materials and their process intermediates in a hierarchical format through preprocessing and conversion testing.

Research Tools

• The Analysis Summary tool shows an overview of the library’s analysis results by displaying averages of all analyses performed for each crop type. This allows users to see breadth of analysis types and feedstocks at a glance.

Attribute Graphs show the characteristics of various crop types. Users enter the crop type and the analysis type for the desired graph, allowing a look at the variability of analysis results for a given crop type(s).

• The Blend Prediction tool explores the projected char­acteristics of custom biomass blends. Blend characteristics are estimated by combining characteristics of individual crops, allowing the user to estimate quality parameters of feedstock blends.

• The Least-Cost Formulation tool is a mapping interface that allows users to explore the regional distribution and availability of biomass crops and blends based on cost per ton, harvest radius and harvest year.

Reference Materials provide commercially harvested standardized, characterized industrial feedstocks for research.

Data sheets for each sample provide details about:

  • Age
  • Origin
  • Preparation
  • Chemical composition
  • Fuel properties
  • Ash composition
  • Particle characteristics

Researchers may request shipment of reference materials by submitting a biomass request form or contacting



U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho National Laboratory. "Bioenergy Feedstock Library." (accessed, Date)



 We value user feedback. Please let us know if you have questions or suggestions to improve your experience.

 Contact us at or 208-526-0424.